SAFETY DATA SHEET-2878
Revised: September 17, 2019
SECTION 1: IDENTIFICATION
Product Identifier: Titanium Sponge Granules
Product Description: Metallic gray granules
Manufacturer Emergency Telephone Number:
Accushape, Inc. (Spill, fire, accident)
320 Queen Ave SW Chemtrec 800-424-9300 24 hours
Albany, Or. 97322 Company Code: 203
SECTION 2: HAZARD(S) IDENTIFICATION
Classification: OSHA Regulatory Status- Hazardous under OSHA regulations.
Emergency Overview: Silver gray metallic powder in granular form. Flammable solid. Avoid conditions that would spread fine particles. Refer to Emergency Response Guide No 170.
Fire or Explosion
A spill does not create an emergency unless the presence of fire, sparks or heat, can create dangerous fire and explosion potential.
May be ignited by friction, heat, sparks or flames.
Dust may form explosive mixture in air.
Containers may explode when heated if water contacts contents.
May ignite after fire is extinguished.
No significant public safety issue unless fire or potential for fire is present.
Spill can be made inert by the application of 50% or more salt or dry sand to reduce chances for ignition while waiting for spill clean up and during spill clean up.
Eliminate all ignition sources, (no smoking, flares, sparks, sources of static discharge or flames from spill area.
DO NOT USE WATER, FOAM OR CO2 OR GRAPHITE POWDER.
Dousing fire with water may generate hydrogen gas, and extremely dangerous explosion hazard, particularly if fire is in a confined environment such as a drum.
Graphite (carbon) can create exothermic reaction in certain concentrations.
Use SALT, or DRY sand, avoid use of extinguishers that can spread material and fire.
Confine or smother fire, or allow to burn out rather than apply water or use extinguishers that will spread the granules or powder.
Remove containers from fire area if you can do that without risk to burn self.
Not likely to present emergency first aid situation unless person burned.
Potential Health Effects
Human health effects of overexposure by inhalation, ingestion, or skin or eye contract may include eye irritaion with discomfort, tearing or blurring of vision; otherwise no signifacant adverse effects expected.
None of the components present in this material at concentrations equal to or greater than 0.1% are listed by IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH as a carcinogen.
SECTION 3: COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Trace impurities and additional material names not listed above may also appear in other sections of this MSDS, some of which may be listed for local “Right-To-Know” compliance and for other reasons.
SECTION 4: FIRST AID MEASURES
Inhalation: Remove person to fresh air and allow to rest. If breathing problems seek immediate medical attention.
Eye Contact: Normal procedures for foreign object.
Ingestion: Rinse mouth with large amount of water. No specific intervention indicated as the substances is not likely to be hazardous by ingestion . Seek medical attention., if amount is substantial.
Skin Contact: Not likely to be hazardous, but cleansing of skin is advisable.
SECTION 5: FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
Flashpoint and Method: N/A
Flammable Limits: N/A
Auto ignition Temperatures: 2500 C (4820 F)
Metal dust can form an explosive mixture with air. Burning titanium reacts violently with water.
Titanium dust and fines can be ignited by sparks, static electricity, flame or friction even if damp. Titanium burns in an atmosphere of nitrogen, carbon dioxide or air. Very fine particles mixed with air may be pyrophoric. Keep away from any source of ignition. Prevent friction, uses non sparking tools, ground all equipment, discharge static electricity from self or clothing. If a fire starts in a pile of slightly wet granules or metal fines, an explosion may follow the initial fire, especially if in a closed container.
Fire Fighting Instructions:
Small fires can be smothered by use TABLE SALT, dry sand. If possible avoid or use caution with Type D extinguishers which may spread fine material or fire. For large fires, it is advisable to allow the material to burn out. In airtight enclosures, titanium fires will stop when all oxygen is consumed or can be controlled by the use of argon or helium. When titanium burns in the absence of moisture, it burns slowly but evolves much heat. The application of water to burning titanium can cause an explosion. Application of Carbon dioxide can cause an exothermic reation. Use caution when cleaning up burned titanium a re-ignition can occur. Mix with 50% salt or reapply salt during clean up.
Fire Fighting Equipment:
Respiratory and eye protection required for fire-fighting personnel. Full protective equipment and self-contained breathing apparatus should be used
SECTION 6: ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
General: All sources of ignition should be removed. Dust must not be generated during clean-up. Discharge any potential buildup of static electricty from person, clothing or tools. All friction should be avoided so as to not generate static electrical charges. Material should be swept into a clean container (preferably a drum) using a bristle brush and metallic shovel. If quantity is small, less than 1 gallon, and local conditions allow, powder or fines can be burned under controlled conditions.
To reduce chance of ignition, mix spilled or accumulated fines with salt or dry sand.
Water Spill: No special precaution.
SECTION 7: HANDLING AND STORAGE
Storage Temperature: Room Temperature
Sponge Pressure: Atmospheric
- Store in sealed containers in cool dry place away from any source of ignition.
- Accumulation of large quantities of fines should be avoided. Place containers on non flammable pallets or other non flammable surface so the opportunity to remove is presented in case of fire danger.
- Maintain areas in meticulous manner, clean up daily and dispose of accumulations.
- Inspect all work areas for dust accumulations based on a written check list.
- No smoking, no welding, no grinding, no tourches allowed in any work area.
- Ground all equipment, use non sparking tools, or discharge all tools, clothing and equipment before opening containers.
- Do not pour from one container to another, or use extreme caution or small scoop.
- Keep pails of salt and container covers close by.
- Cover all containers at all times.
SECTION 8: EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
Engineering Controls: Use ventilation to maintain exposure levels. Avoid creating dust during handling and processing. Avoid accumulations of dust on surfaces.
Eye/Face Protection: Use SAFETY glasses
Protective Clothing: None, keep clothing free of fine material. Contaminated clothing may catch fire. Avoid static charge creations.
Respirators: Where there is potential for airborne exposure in excess of applicable limits, wear NIOSH approved respiratory protection.
INGREDIENT NAME ACGIH TLV OSHA PEL
Titanium 10 mg/m3 15 mg/m3
(as Titanium dioxide) (total dust, as titanium dioxide)
SECTION 9: PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance: Gray; metallic; granular and or powder
Physical state Solid
Specific Gravity: 75-2.0 grms per cc
Solubility in Water: Insoluble
Boiling point Titanium 3278 degC
Melting point titanium1660 DEGc
Vapor Pressure: Not applicable
Vapor Density: Not applicable
Evaporation Rate: 0
% Volatiles: 0
FLASH POINT: See Section 5
SECTION 10: STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Normally stable in solid forms. Avoid heat, sparks, flame. If surface is disturbed during processing use extreme caution as breaking of thin oxide layer can create new ignition conditions.
Incompatible Materials And Conditions To Avoid:
Titanium sponge fines and granules are attacked by sulfuric and hydrochloric acids and by fuming nitric acid. It reacts violently with BF3, AgF, O2. Avoid areas where sparks or static electrical discharges can occur such as welding, batteries, electrical shorts and friction with materials that can create static electricity. Finely divided titanium reacts violently with oxidizing agents, halogens, halocarbons and metal-oxy salts.Avoid use or storage near fine aluminum or carbon as exothermic reactons can occur in the event of high heat or fire.
Hazardous decomposition: At red heat (7040C), fine titanium decomposes water or steam to hydrogen which is flammable. Violent explosions can occur when water comes in contact with burning titanium, especially in closed containers.
SECTION 11: TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
IMMEDIATE (ACUTE) EFFECTS: High dust concentrations may irritate the respiratory tract.
DELAYED (SUBCHRONIC AND CHRONIC) EFFECTS: Titanium is considered physiologically inert. Titanium implanted or inserted into muscle or bone has resulted in either no physiological reaction or benign encapsulation with fibroid tissue. A single study reports increased rates of fibrosarcomas and lymphomas in rats surviving 820 days following 6 monthly intramuscular injections of 6 mg titanium metal powder suspended in 0.2 mL of trioctanoin.
CARCINOGEN: Titanium metal is not classified as a possible, probable or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC, NTP, ACGIH, or OSHA.
Pursuant to the requirements of REACH, titanium has been registered in the EU with ECHA using toxicological data for titanium dioxide.
Under ECHA protocols, the Committee for Risk Assessment (RAC) (France) adopted an opinion CLH-O-0000001412-86-163/ on 14 September 2017 recommending the classification of titanium dioxide as a Cat 2 carcinogen. The RAC opinion may apply only to particles 10 microns or smaller. The RAC opinion should be examined for a complete analysis. Final adoption of the RAC recommendation and related safety regulation had not been made as of 15 September 2019.
Titanium dioxide has been classified as a Group 2B Carcinogen by at least some recognized authorities including the IARC (International Association for Research on Cancer) Reference is made to IARC Monograph Volume 93 7-14 Feb 2006 summary page193-the Working Group considered the body of evidence regarding the pathways and mechanisms by which titanium dioxide or other poorly soluble particle may cause cancer. Following the same line of reasoning as that for the other particles reviewed in this volume, the Working Group considered that the available mechanistic evidence for titanium dioxide was not strong enough to warrant a classification other than Group 2B.
Group 2B is the lowest classification of a substance as a possible carcinogen to humans.
The IARC Definitions of Classifications are
Group 1 Carcinogenic to humans
Group 2 Probably carcinogenic to humans
Group 2B Possibly carcinogenic to humans
Group 3 Not classified as to its carcinogenicity to humans.
There are disagreements within the technical community as to the validity of the classification of titanium dioxide and whether titanium dioxide studies are applicable to titanium metal in various forms. It is unknown if very fine titanium metal particles will react in a manner similar to nanometer size particles of titanium dioxide.
It is the opinion of Accushape that it does not produce any forms of titanium metal powder that are similar to titanium dioxide.
SECTION 12: ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION (non-mandatory)
Compound specific information was not available. Not expected to be toxic to the environment based on human and animal data. Reference can be made to information described in Section 11.
SECTION 13: DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS (non-mandatory)
Fine, non-recyclable scrap can be burned in small quantities under controlled conditions, if allowed by local regulations. The resulting titanium oxide is inert and may be sent to a landfill, if allowed by applicable regulations. Do not dispose of titanium sponge granules, or fines as they may exhibit characteristics of ignitability.
SECTION 14: TRANSPORT INFORMATION (non-mandatory)
USDOT Proper Shipping Name: Titanium sponge granules UN2878
USDOT HAZARD CLASS 4.1 Flammable Solid, Packing group III
SECTION 15: REGULATORY INFORMATION (non-mandatory)
TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA)
TSCA INVENTORY STATUS: Titanium is listed on the inventory.
OTHER TSCA ISSUES: None known
SARA TITLE III/CERCLA
SARA TITLE III – SECTION 313 SUPPLIER NOTIFICATION:
This product does not contain toxic chemicals subject to reporting requirements of section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA) of 1986 and of 40 CFR
- SARA/CERCLA RQ (LB): N/A
SARA EHS TPQ (lb): N/A
SECTION 311 HAZARD CLASS: Fire Hazard.ADDITIONAL REGULATORY INFORMATION: None
SECTION 16: OTHER INFORMATION
THIS INFORMATION RELATES TO THIS SPECIFIC MATERIAL. IT MAY NOT BE VALID FOR THIS MATERIAL IF USED IN COMBINATION WITH ANY OTHER MATERIALS OR IN ANY PROCESS. IT IS THE USER’S RESPONSIBILITY TO SATISFY ONESELF AS TO THE SUITABILITY AND COMPLETENESS OF THIS INFORMATION FOR HIS OWN PARTICULAR USE.